Archivos de Diario para septiembre 2023

05 de septiembre de 2023

European Cow-Parsnip in Vermont

This is a followup to Hogweeds and Cowparsnips in Vermont. Both Flora Novae Angliae [Haines 2011] and New Flora of Vermont [Gilman 2015] list the same three taxa:

  1. Cow-parsnip (Heracleum maximum)
  2. Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)
  3. European Cow-Parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium)

This post is about the latter. In its native Europe, Heracleum sphondylium is simply called Hogweed (not to be confused with the infamous Giant Hogweed).

According to Plants of the World Online (POWO), Heracleum sphondylium has 15 subspecies. That begs the question: which subspecies is represented in Vermont? The short answer is: nobody knows! Some authorities claim that Heracleum sphondylium subsp. sibiricum occurs in VT while others claim it is Heracleum sphondylium subsp. sphondylium. Haines observed that plants found in New England seem to have characteristics of both (see the description at the bottom of the page on Heracleum sphondylium at Go Botany). As far as I know, that's where it stands today.

Note: The names Heracleum sphondylium subsp. sibiricum and Heracleum sibiricum are synonyms. Haines and.Gilman recognize the subspecies but POWO (and therefore iNaturalist) accept the latter.

Heracleum sphondylium is locally common in the town of Canaan in the extreme northeast corner of VT. Other than that, it is occasionally found in Essex, Orleans, and Franklin counties. [Gilman 2015] However, no collections have been made in VT since 2009.

There are few observations of Heracleum sphondylium in VT. Its presence has been confirmed along South America Pond Road in Ferdinand. More observations are needed to better understand its current distribution in northern Vermont.


  • Gilman, Arthur V. (2015). New Flora of Vermont. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden, Volume 110. Bronx, New York, USA: The New York Botanical Garden Press. ISBN 978-0-89327-516-7.
  • Haines, Arthur (2011). New England Wild Flower Society's Flora Novae Angliae: A Manual for the Identification of Native and Naturalized Higher Vascular Plants of New England. Illustrated by Elizabeth Farnsworth and Gordon Morrison. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-17154-9.
  • Heracleum sphondylium (iNaturalist, POWO, Wikipedia)
  • Heracleum sibiricum (iNaturalist, POWO, Wikipedia)
  • Herbarium specimens:
    ** Along the Maine Central tracks (now the Upper Coos Recreational Rail Trail) in Beecher Falls in the town of Canaan (Essex) (2008246 1968)
    ** Along VT 114, 3.2 km (2 mi) east of the end of Wallace Pond in the town of Canaan (Essex) (566489 1983)
    ** A pullout along VT 102, just south of the village of Canaan (Essex) (1444500 2006)
    ** Large patch along VT 16, south of the village and north of Shadow Lake Road, in Glover (Orleans) (1444498 2008)
    ** Large patch, west side of VT 104, just south of interstate ramp, St Albans (Franklin) (1444497 2009)

Publicado el 05 de septiembre de 2023 a las 08:18 PM por trscavo trscavo | 1 comentario | Deja un comentario

22 de septiembre de 2023

Photos lost

My iPhone crashed during a software update. I had to restore it using an old backup and so I lost a bunch of photos in the process. Here's a short list of the new places I visited (but no photos):

  • The Nature Conservancy (TNC) owns a 215-acre parcel off Hackadam Road in the town of West Haven in Rutland County. I'll call it Hackett Dam Natural Area for lack of a better name. Here I found some unidentified ferns on the cliffs along the Poultney River.
  • Morristown Bog is a state-designated natural area off VT Route 100 in Lamoille County. It has more purple pitcher plants (Sarracenia purpurea) than I've ever seen in one place.
  • The town of Ferrisburgh in Addison County has two state parks and two wildlife management areas. In particular, the Little Otter Creek Wildlife Management Area is mentioned by Vogelmann in part 1 of Natural areas of Vermont [1964], I was looking for the green dragon (Arisaema dracontium) but didn't find it.
  • The Raven Ridge Natural Area (owned by TNC) consists of four parcels that straddle the Chittenden-Addison county line. The southernmost parcel is in the town of Monkton in Addison County. It's mostly a wetland but there's a mixed forest around the perimeter with an assortment of spring flowering plants.

I hope to revisit each of these places in the spring.

Publicado el 22 de septiembre de 2023 a las 11:03 PM por trscavo trscavo | 9 comentarios | Deja un comentario

25 de septiembre de 2023

Logging on Snake Mountain

There's a major logging operation in progress on Snake Mountain in Addison County. For the time being at least, the operation is confined to the eastern portion of the Snake Mountain Wildlife Management Area. The state owns the land but I've been told they do not own the logging rights.

Hiking through the freshly logged area is a humbling experience. I can't describe it in words anyone would want to hear. You should go there and experience it for yourself (but if you do, do it on a Sunday when there's a lull in the activity).

Snake Mountain is a unique ecosystem, a remarkable island of biodiversity in the middle of the Champlain Valley. This special place should be conserved indefinitely.

Publicado el 25 de septiembre de 2023 a las 03:07 PM por trscavo trscavo | 10 comentarios | Deja un comentario