The streambank habitat

Below is a list of ninety-one kinds of plants I found along the 300 yards or so on both sides of the Sawyer Kill between the two bridges between Sept 5 and Sept 15. Three more have been added on October 1. The list is grouped by natives vs not, with Smoothcap moss (genus Atrichum) unclassified. Seventeen of the sixty natives had been planted by me from a nursery, most in 2023. Two species, denoted as t23, had been transplanted in 2023 from elsewhere on the farm. Forty-one of the natives, then, had been there without my interference/intervention.
As other plants are found I will add them, but note after the name of each when it was added.
The inventory here follows the same method as the other journal entry posted earlier about the ruderal habitat, but the habitat described here developed in a different way. When we moved to this farm thirty years ago the long-ungrazed cattle pasture on the left bank of the Sawyer Kill came almost to the lip of the steep bank. We decided to set electric fencing fifteen feet from the lip and not mow outside it, to let whatever volunteered grow into into a "streambank buffer" that would slow bank erosion, give cover to wildlife and keep sheep manure runoff out of the (un-pristine) stream.
Through my carelessness, the big trees (native and non-native) along the stream gradually found themselves standing in a dense tangle of invasive non-native plants. Chief contributors/offenders are Japanese barberry, Privet (species uncertain), Japanese honeysuckle, Multiflora rose, Winged euonymus, Oriental bittersweet and Autumn olive (which I confess to have transplanted a couple of decades ago). Sad to say, I did not realize the harm of this situation until hearing a webinar in spring 2023 about native plants and then reading Douglas Tallamy. Since then I've set about to take out non-natives and replace them with natives. In the process a number of native species already resident but often overwhelmed came to light. Some native ground covers and ramblers (Riparian grape, Virginia Creeper and Poison Ivy) were holding their own amidst Japanese honeysuckle, Bittersweet and Ground ivy.
The list is a snapshot of what we'll be working with and against to get natives on a stronger footing over the next few years.
I am most grateful to i Nat and the i Nat community of teachers and identifiers.
This journal page is dedicated to Don Wilkin, Ph.D., a mentor in ecology.

Common name Scientific name nat? planted?
Golden groundsel Packera aurea y 23
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus y 23
Bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis y

Trumpet vine Campsis radicans y t23
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis y

Shellbark hickory Carya laciniosa y 23
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis y 21
American beech Fagus grandifolia y t23
Northern red oak Quercus rubra y

Nothern spicebush Lindera benzoin y

White ash Fraxinus americana y

Persicaria virginiana Persicaria virginiana y

Big bluestem Andropogon gerardi y 23
Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans y

Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia y

Witch hazel Hamamelis viginiana y 23
Blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium y 23
Tall hairy agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala y

Slippery elm Ulmus rubra y

Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos y

Wild basil Clinopodium vulgare y

Chestnut oak Quercus montana y

Guelder rose Viburnum opulum y 23
Riparian grape Vitis riparia y

Eastern red cedar Juniperus virginiana y

Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis y

White wood aster Eurybia divaricata y

Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius y 23
Deciduous holly Ilex decidua y 23
Blueberry Vaccinium y 23
Blackberry Rhubus y 23
Jewelweed Impatiens capensis y

Blue beech Carpinus caroliniana y

White snakeroot Ageratina altissima y

American hop hornbeam Ostrya virginiana y

Basswood Tilia americana y

River birch Betula nigra y 23
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis y

American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia y

Tall meadow rue Thalictrum y

Northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa y

Giant stinging nettles Urtica dioica y

Black walnut Juglans nigra y

Pokeweed Phytolacca americana y

Straw-colored flatsedge Cyperus strigosus y

White vervain Verbena urticifolia y

White pine Pinus strobus y t23
Broadleaf enchanter's nightshade Circaea canadensis y

Black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa y 23
Upright wood sorrel 9/15 Oxalis stricta y

Gray's sedge Carex grayi y

Bottlebrush buckeye Aesculus parviflora y

Carolina rose Rosa carolina y

Snowberry Symphoricarpus albus y

Smooth witchgrass Panicum dichotomitflorium y

Virginia sticktight Hackelia virginiana y

Smoothcap moss 9/26/2023 Genus Atrichum ?

Common jewelweed 10/1 Impatiens capensis y

Canada clearweed 10/1 Pilea pumila y

Toringo crabapple 10/1 Malus toringo

Japanese stiltgrass 9/15 Microstegium vinimeum

Field chickweed 9/15 Cerastium arvense

Japanese Barberry Berberis thunbergii

Autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata

Winged Euonymus Euonymous alatus

Oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus

Privet Ligustrum spp

Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica

Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia

Multiflora rose Rosa multiflora

Weeping willow Salix babylonica 92
Horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum t23
Mock strawberry Potentilla indica

Norway maple Acer platanoides

Wrinkle-leaved g'rod Solidago rugosa

Ground ivy Glechoma hederacea

Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica

Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota

St John's wort Genus Hypericum

Wild cherry Prunus avium

Wineberry Rhubus phoenicolasius

Black jetbead Rhodotypus scandens

Mullein Verbascum thapsis

Motherwort sept 11 Leonurus cardiaca

Creeping thistle Cirsium arvense

Yellow foxtail Setaria pumila

White mulberry Morus alba

Greater plantain (broadleaf) Plantago major

Calico aster Symphyotrichum laterifolium

Yellow sweet clover Melilotus oficinalis

Chicory Cichorium intybus

Siberian cranesbill not sure Geranium sibiricum

Low smartweed Persicaria longiseta

Publicado el 14 de septiembre de 2023 a las 09:34 PM por stephenshafer stephenshafer


Fotos / Sonidos


Plantas Vasculares (Filo Tracheophyta)


Agosto 17, 2023 a las 12:37 PM EDT


Over the last 30 years along both sides of the Sawyer Kill I gave invasives laissez faire under the false flags like "cover for wildlife," "food for wildlife" "streambank stabilization," "resource for pollinators" and "keep the sheep (and their manure) away from the stream." In May 2023 the light dawned.
The photos show a tangled mess that does those ecosystem services, but not in the optimal way. For example, the berries of autumn olive are good bird food, but are not available in the nesting season. The streambank buffer needs to provide food for insects that birds can eat to feed their young.
This summer, I began tearing out non-native invasives and putting into the cleared spots native tree and shrub seedlings. The fourth photo shows a shellbark hickory planted that way. To complete the restoration will take years, It's a start.


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